Adult Expeditions Equipment List


         On foot or in a canoe, our expeditions are pretty informal, and you can bring pretty much anything you want, as long as you pack it along!  Nevertheless, we will help you to sort through your gear before the trip to make sensible decisions.

Please note that there is no need to spend money on fancy equipment.  It will just get destroyed anyway. Handkerchiefs can be cut from old T-shirts.  A scrap of plastic or old shower curtain works for a poncho, and a juice bottle works for water, etc.  Use your imagination.  On hiking expeditions we often make simple pack frames to carry our gear.  You are encouraged to bring any primitive equipment you have previously made that would be useful on an expedition. 

Clothing:  In Montana we can experience temperatures anywhere from freezing to nearly 100ºF.  We usually get at least one summer snowstorm each year during June, July or August.  Each person will be acclimatized in a different way.  Participants from southern climates often think our summer temperatures are downright frigid, especially at night. We will guide you in building warm and comfortable shelters to sleep through the cold nights.  However, you may want to dress on the warm side in case our definition of “warm and comfortable” turns out to be substantially cooler than your definition.

Layering is your best bet so you can regulate your temperature easily.  Please bring warm and quiet clothing.  Natural or plaid colors will help you blend into and become part of the landscape.  Bring additional clothing if you have any doubts.  We will help you sort it out before the trip begins.  Please note that we often trim a few items off this list when we meet prior to a trip for a group assessment and goals discussion. Otherwise, here is our suggested list:



Lower Body

Upper Body


-3 pair warm socks

-sturdy pants w/ belt


-sun hat

-tennis shoes or light-weight hiking boots

-2 pair underwear


-flannel shirt

-wool sweater or sweatshirt

-wool hat

-moccasins, or sandals (optional)

-thermal underwear (optional)

-windbreaker (optional)



Personal Hygiene

Other Necessary Gear

Other Possible Gear

-3 handkerchiefs

-wool blanket

-small musical instruments

-dental care

-rain poncho

-small camera

-comb or small hairbrush

-water bottle

-art supplies

-other necessary personal items

-pocketknife or sheath knife

-favorite field guide(s)

-personal medications


-notebook, pencils, pens



-small pouches to hold things


•Please let us know in advance of any personal medications you need to bring.  This is a must!

•Please bring a sleeping bag for use before and/or after the expedition. 

•We have extra blankets, water bottles and camp cookware if you don’t have any.

Sandals or water shoes are strongly recommended for canoe trips.


Food:  We bring basic foods for our expeditions, such as flour, rice, beans, and oatmeal. We forage for additional plant and animal foods along the trail, harvesting as many wild foods as we reasonably can, such as berries, starchy roots, greens, mushrooms and occasionally non-game meat such as ground squirrels or “trash fish” such as suckers or carp.  (A Montana fishing license is required for any fishing, and you are on your own to bring in the catch.)

You can expect a diet of mostly grains and beans on the trip. Please let us know well in advance (i.e.: immediately)  if you have any specific dietary requirements. Some people experience discomfort adjusting to a wild and/or varied and unpredictable diet.  If a diet of oatmeal for breakfast, trail mix for lunch, and rice and beans for dinner sounds new and different, then you should definitely try it out at home for a week before coming on an outing.  You are welcome to bring limited additional foods if you would become dysfunctional without them. Please try to minimize the plastic and aluminum packaging, so we will not have so much waste to deal with on the trail.